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If you or someone you love has vision problems due to strabismus, then you understand just how serious this problem can be. A misalignment of the eyes can make it difficult of impossible to achieve clear focus or normal three-dimensional visual acuity. Strabismus can also lead to another vision problem known as amblyopia, or "lazy eye." Fortunately, the condition is highly treatable, and surgery is a common method for correcting significant degrees of strabismus. Our team at Lone Star Vision in Plano, TX can identify this issue and recommend surgery if necessary.
Up to 4 percent of the U.S. population is estimated to have some form or degree of strabismus. It occurs when the extraocular muscles that control eye movement don't work together in perfect coordination. As a result, one eye may look straight ahead while the other points slightly inward ("cross-eyed") or outward ("wall-eyed"), or both eyes may appear off-center. In newborns, temporary periods of eye misalignment are neither unusual nor an immediate cause for alarm, since the eyes and brain are still learning how to work together. But if the problem continues well into infancy, then the child probably has strabismus.
There are different levels of strabismus. Mild or small-angle strabismus may be all but undetectable to observers, while still causing focus problems that may lead to reading trouble, eyestrain and poor academic performance. Corrective lenses can often resolve small-angle strabismus. More severe cases generally require surgery. But don't let that word frighten you -- strabismus surgery is one of the less complicated types of eye surgery, generally performed as an outpatient procedure. There are two primary types of eye surgery, each achieving an opposite effect:
- Recession - The surgeon repositions the eye muscle slightly back from its original attachment point to the eyeball, weakening an overactive muscle's force.
- Resection - The surgeon shortens the eye muscle slightly before reattaching it at its original position, providing extra tautness for stronger muscle action.
Get Help for Strabismus at Our Eye Care and Surgery Center in Plano
The sooner a case of strabismus is diagnosed, the better. A case of strabismus that goes untreated can not cause years of unnecessary double vision or blurred vision, but it can cause one eye to become almost completely dominant over the other in an attempt to compensate for the error. This condition is called ambylopia or "lazy eye," and it can create problems of its own, notably the loss of stereoscopic vision or depth perception. In fact, strabismus-related amblyopia is the most common form of vision loss in children. If the strabismus continues into adulthood, the ambylopia may become almost impossible to reverse.
It is important that you have your child's eye function and visual acuity tested at Lone Star Vision in Plano, TX. We can identify any signs of strabismus and recommend the appropriate form of care, including strabismus surgery. Trust our eye care and surgery center for your family's vision needs!